hurricane wilma path

Over the period from 2310 UTC to 0433 UTC, the central pressure fell from 954 mb to 901 mb, which is a deepening rate of 9.9 mb per hour. It weakened slightly as it continued northwestward, and struck the Mexican mainland near Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo, at 0330 UTC on October 22, with winds of 135 mph (217 km/h)[1] and gusts of up to 170 mph (270 km/h). At the time, Wilma was the strongest Atlantic hurricane in history, with winds near 175 miles per hour. [14] It continued to intensify, and at 1200 UTC on October 18, Wilma attained hurricane status while located about 225 miles (362 km) south-southeast of Grand Cayman. ", "Hurricane Wilma Public Advisory Seventeen", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Resúmen de la temporada de ciclones tropicales 2005, 1ra parte", Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico), "Hurricane Wilma Discussion Twenty-Seven", "Resúmen del Huracán "Wilma" del Océano Atlántico", "Hurricane Wilma Special Discussion Thirty-Eight", "Tropical Storm Alpha Tropical Cyclone Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meteorological_history_of_Hurricane_Wilma&oldid=989698621, Meteorological histories of individual tropical cyclones, Articles with dead external links from March 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 14:19. It has since weakened to a Category 2, with winds of 110 mph. October 24, 2005: 11 Years since Hurricane Wilma … Convection continued to develop near the center and became much more symmetrical. [26] Upon reaching open waters, Reconnaissance Aircraft reported the remains of an inner eyewall and an outer eyewall oscillating between 70 and 90 miles (110 and 140 km) in diameter. Wilma was a classic October hurricane which struck South Florida as a Category 3 hurricane on October 24th, 2005. On the 21st, the hurricane made landfall over Cozumel, and by early the 22nd it made landfall over the northeast Yucatan peninsula; both landfalls were at category 4 intensity. It gradually became better organized, with the large 50 miles (80 km) eye becoming very distinct on satellite and radar imagery. [31], Shortly after its secondary peak intensity, the wind shear, combined with its rapid forward motion of 50 mph (80 km/h), resulted in a steady weakening trend. [1], The depression tracked slowly westward, a motion due to weak steering currents caused by a high pressure area to its north across the Gulf of Mexico. Damage in the country totaled around $500,000 (2005 USD). estimated 882 mb...while its very small eye was centered about 365, southeast of Cozumel. Initially, the center of circulation was broad without a defined inner core; forecaster Lixion Avila remarked, "The area of minimum pressure could [have been] anywhere within 60 miles (97 km) of its [initial advisory position]." Wilma became a hurricane and began a west-northwestward motion on the 18th. This small eye was surrounded by a ring of deep convection, with cloud-top temperatures of about −125 Â°F (−87 Â°C). [1] The system continued to organize, with the National Hurricane Center remarking the system could ultimately become a hurricane. Part of the 2018 Pacific hurricane season. Initially, the tropical depression was forecast to drift west-southwestward before turning to the north; within five days of the forecast's issuance, the system was predicted to be located about 80 miles (130 km) south of the Isle of Youth as a 105 mph (169 km/h) hurricane. For several days in its formative stages, Wilma's outer rainbands dropped heavy rainfall in Haiti and as far east as the Dominican Republic. During the second week of October, an unusually large, monsoon-like lower-level circulation and a broad area of disturbed weather developed over much of the Caribbean Sea. By late on October 15, the system was sufficiently organized for the National Hurricane Centerto designate it as Tropical Depre… Environmental conditions remained favorable,[1] with the eye becoming more distinct early on October 21. Convection deepened around the eyewalls,[27] and the inner core of convection, which had previously become disrupted over land, became slightly better defined. Hurricane Willa was a powerful tropical cyclone that brought torrential rains and destructive winds to southwestern Mexico, particularly the states of Sinaloa and Nayarit, during late-October 2018. Less than a week after Wilma formed, Tropical Storm Alpha struck Hispaniola and caused additional deadly floods in Haiti. As the dropsonde did not reach the calm winds in the center, the pressure was estimated at 882 mbar (26.05 inHg), the lowest pressure in an Atlantic hurricane on record. Weather Underground provides tracking maps, 5-day forecasts, computer models, satellite imagery and detailed storm statistics for tracking and forecasting Major Hurricane Wilma … Maps: Tracking Hurricane Irma’s Path Over Florida UPDATED 5:00 PM ET, SEPT. 11, 2017 Hurricane Irma lost strength as it swept across Florida, and was downgraded to … [10] Deep convection continued to develop to the south of the center, and the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Wilma at 0600 UTC on October 17, while located about 200 miles (320 km) southeast of Grand Cayman. [11], The storm continued to the southwest while deep convection persisted near the center. Vertical wind shear increased as strong upper-level southwesterly flow increased, though in spite of the shear Wilma continued to intensify. Shortly after exiting the Florida coastline, Wilma began to re-intensify,[1] believed to be due to a reduction of friction of the eyewall and warm waters of the Gulf Stream. A large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea and gradually organized to the southeast of Jamaica. The hurricane again re-intensified before cold air and wind shear penetrated the inner core of convection. The Detailed Meteorological Write-up on Hurricane Irma. Wilma's destructive journey began in the second week of October 2005. The TRMM satellite is one of many satellites monitoring hurricanes and typhoons. WILMA IS A LARGE HURRICANE AND TROPICAL STORM FORCE WINDS WILL REACH THE FLORIDA PENINSULA WELL BEFORE THE EYE MAKES LANDFALL. It was the fastest rate of intensification in the Caribbean since Hurricane Wilma in 2005, when that storm went from 75 mph to 185 mph in just 24 hours time. Tropical Storm Irma formed in the far eastern Atlantic Ocean, just west of the Cape Verde Islands, on the morning of August 30 th.Over the following 30 hours Irma intensified into a major hurricane with highest sustained winds of 115 MPH, a category-3 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Read more about Hurricane Wilma in The Post’s 10th anniversary story about the unprecedented tropical cyclone here. [32] By 1117 UTC on October 25, the center was located to the northwest of the primary convection as cold air from the southwest entrained the circulation. [28], A powerful eastward-moving mid-level trough across the central United States turned the hurricane northeastward and caused it to gradually accelerate. By late on October 15, the system was sufficiently organized for the National Hurricane Center to designate it as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four. It was then that the National Hurricane Center first indicated that it was possible for a tropical depression to develop in the area. Hurricane Wilma rapidly intensified in the Caribbean, growing from a tropical storm with winds of 69 mph on Oct. 18 to a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 172 mph on Oct. 19. Hurricane Matthew Could Make a U-Turn and Hit Florida Twice. Uploaded originally because the file wouldn't play on my computer. Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded in terms of pressure in the Atlantic Ocean.It destroyed parts of the Yucatán Peninsula and southern Florida during October in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season.Wilma broke several records for both strength and seasonal activity. Initially, development was slow due to its large size, though convection steadily organized. Areas affected. Hurricane Wilma formed in the Carribean as a tropical depression on October 15, 2005, becoming the 21st named storm of the 2005 hurricane season, the most active on record save for 1933, which also had 21 named storms. [19] Early on October 20 the hurricane weakened to Category 4 status after the small, inner eye dissipated and the 45-mile (72 km) wide outer eyewall became the dominant eye. [7] Although deep convection and banding features increased, mid-level dry air from the north prevented significant organization, and the convection was split into two primary areas. A large area of disturbed weather developed across much of the Caribbean Sea and gradually organized to the southeast of Jamaica. It weakened slightly as it approached Florida, and made landfall at Cape Romano with winds of 120 mph (190 km/h) at around 1030 UTC on October 24. Hurricane Wilma affected parts of northeast Mexico that had been struck by Hurricane Stan just two weeks earlier, as well as Hurricane Emily in July. [1] In the span of just 24 hours, Wilma had intensified from a 70 mph (110 km/h) tropical storm to a 175 mph (282 km/h) Category 5 hurricane, an unprecedented event for an Atlantic hurricane. [33] The remaining convection continued to diminish, and by late on October 25 Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone while located about 230 miles (370 km) southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and still at Category 1 intensity. Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin on record in terms of minimum barometric pressure, with an atmospheric pressure of 882 hPa (mbar, 26.05 inHg). Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin on record in terms of minimum barometric pressure, with an atmospheric pressure of 882 hPa (mbar, 26.05 inHg). The central pressure rapidly dropped 54 mbar (1.65 inHg) from 0000 to 0600 UTC, and at 0800 UTC, a Hurricane Hunters flight recorded a minimum central pressure of 884 mbar (26.10 inHg) in a dropsonde near the center of the extremely small eye. [30] Early on October 25, the hurricane reached a secondary peak intensity of 125 mph (201 km/h) while located about 340 miles (550 km) east of Jacksonville, Florida. The storm was expected to enter the Gulf of Mexico as a weaker hurricane before making landfall along the west coast of Florida. Ahead of Wilma's landfall, workers trimmed trees near power lines and placed notices on roads. [17] At the time of its peak intensity, hurricane-force winds extended only 50 miles (80 km) from the small center of Wilma, with tropical storm force winds extending only about 160 miles (260 km). Wilma weakened as it quickly crossed the state, and entered the Atlantic Ocean near Jupiter, Florida. [15], Early on October 19, Wilma attained major hurricane status while continuing to rapidly intensify, and by 0600 UTC, the storm's maximum sustained winds increased to 165 mph (266 km/h), making Wilma a dangerous Category 5 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The pressure continued to fall as the Hurricane Hunters left the hurricane, and it is possible the pressure was slightly lower. Description: This map created by FCIT shows the track of hurricane Wilma in 2005. Hurricane Wilma moved across the extreme southeastern Gulf of Mexico and southern Florida peninsula during the morning hours of Monday, 24 October 2005, bringing hurricane-force winds to … [1] During the time, the large circulation of Wilma absorbed the much smaller Tropical Depression Alpha over the Bahamas. Hurricane Wilma was the 25 th tropical cyclone and 12 th hurricane of the hyperactive 2005 season, and the fifth tropical cyclone in as many months to have a significant impact on the Florida Keys. [6], As Tropical Depression Twenty-Four drifted southwestward, it steadily organized; by early on October 16, rainbands began to gradually consolidate with well-established outflow, and a large upper-level anticyclone developed over the depression. Computer models predicted steady strengthening as the depression tracked westward before turning to the north. Wilma was able to retain its strength because large eyes in tropical cyclones are more stable and more resistant to vertical wind shear. [1] Operationally, the peak intensity was estimated at 175 mph (282 km/h). The depression drifted southwestward, and under favorable conditions, it strengthened into Tropical Storm Wilma on October 17. [8] Continued reconnaissance flights reported peak winds of about 30 mph (48 km/h). ACCOMPANIED BY THE STRONGEST WINDS... WILL REACH THE SOUTHWESTERN COAST OF FLORIDA ABOUT 2 HOURS BEFORE THE CENTER OF THE … The rains triggered river flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing 12 people, and forcing 300 residents into shelters. [9], By early on October 17, the outer rainbands, which had previously dominated the structure of the cyclone, dissipated, while deep convection developed near and to the south of the center. A vigorous cold front associated with the mid-level trough moved across the area to the west of Wilma, yet the cooler and drier air behind the front could not fully penetrate the inner core of the hurricane to weaken it. However, the National Hurricane Center noted in the first advisory on the depression that there were "all indications that there could a dangerous hurricane in the northwestern Caribbean Sea in 3 to 5 days." The weakening extratropical remnant turned to the east-northeast before being absorbed by another extratropical storm over Atlantic Canada on October 27. [1], Meteorological history of Hurricane Katrina, Effects of Hurricane Wilma in the Bahamas, "Hurricane Wilma Tropical Cyclone Report", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "October 13 Tropical Weather Outlook 21z", "October 14 Tropical Weather Outlook 09z", "October 14 Tropical Weather Outlook 21z", "October 15 Tropical Weather Outlook 15z", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion One", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Two", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Three", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Five", "Tropical Depression Twenty-Four Discussion Six", "Did Hurricane Wilma have 209 mph sustained winds? [2][3], Later on October 14, the system became much better defined, with increasingly organized shower and thunderstorm activity, as conditions in the upper levels of the atmosphere became significantly more favorable. This was due to unusually low pressures across the region, which resulted in a lesser pressure gradient and thus lighter winds. [5] By late on October 15, the surface circulation became defined well enough, with sufficiently organized deep convection, for the National Hurricane Center to designate the system as Tropical Depression Twenty-Four while it was located about 220 miles (350 km) east-southeast of Grand Cayman. This was due to the depression being located within an environment very conducive for development, specifically low amounts of wind shear and very warm water temperatures. At its peak intensity, the eye of Wilma was about 2.3 miles (3.7 km) in diameter, the smallest known eye in an Atlantic hurricane. [16] It is estimated by Dr. Eric Uhlhorn of NOAA's Hurricane Research Division that the winds may have peaked at between 209 and 229 mph rounded to 210 and 230 mph respectively following that Hurricane Hunter mission. showing daily rainfall from this cyclone as of 1200 UTC, or 8 a.m. EDT. Wilma weakened over the Yucatán Peninsula, and reached the southern Gulf of Mexico before accelerating northeastward. After the inner eye dissipated due to an eyewall replacement cycle, Hurricane Wilma weakened to Category 4 status, and on October 21, it made landfall on Cozumel and on the Mexican mainland with winds of about 150 mph (240 km/h). Wilma at landfall in southwestern Florida has been set at 105 kt. [1], Steering currents remained weak, though a series of troughs eroded the high pressure system across the Gulf of Mexico, resulting in a turn towards the north-northwest. [1], Hurricane Wilma crossed the Florida peninsula in about 4.5 hours while continuing to accelerate northeastward, and emerged into the Atlantic Ocean as a weakened 110 mph (180 km/h) hurricane near Jupiter. [1] The overall cloud pattern began to deteriorate, with the eye becoming less distinct and the convection less symmetric. The path of Hurricane Wilma crossed through the ranges of many North American migratory birds, most notably the Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) which annually migrates from as far north as Canadian Maritime provinces south to the Yucatan Peninsula. By October 26, it transitioned into an extratropical cyclone, and the next day, the remnants of Wilma were absorbed by another extratropical storm over Atlantic Canada. Hurricane Delta followed an eerily similar development path to Wilma in early October, rapidly intensifying in a 24-hour stretch only to eventually batter the Yucatan Peninsula. [12] Late on October 17, a Hurricane Hunters flight into Wilma recorded winds of 50 mph (80 km/h), but an unusually low pressure of 989 mbar (29.21 inHg), which would be more typical of a minimal hurricane. [1][20] Initially, the hurricane was forecast to re-intensify into a Category 5 hurricane,[21] with one forecast predicting it to make landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula with winds of 165 mph (266 km/h),[22] though Wilma remained a strong Category 4 hurricane as it tracked northwestward. Wilma developed in the Caribbean Sea just southwest of Jamaica on October 15 from a large area of disturbed weather. [1] Convection increased and became slightly better organized, though upper-level wind shear initially prevented development. Of the intensity models, the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory predicted an intensity of 135 mph (217 km/h) within 36 hours, with other forecasts being more conservative in their predictions. Wilma formed from a large area of distubed weather that stretched across, low pressure system gradually became defined, depression developed about 215 miles southeast of Grand Cayman, the 15th. Wilma’s deepening rate over the northwestern Caribbean Sea, from late on 18 October to early on 19 October, was incredible. Surface buoy reports indicated that, due to its large size, the system failed to strengthen beyond tropical depression status, even though it received tropical storm strength Dvorak classifications from The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Satellite Analysis Branch. This is the lowest pressure on record for a hurricane. [1] By October 13, a broad area of low pressure developed and persisted about 150 miles (240 km) southeast of Jamaica,[2] possibly aided by the passage of tropical waves through the area at the time. The center of Wilma then drifted over the far northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula delivering torrential rains and strong winds. [24], On October 22, the mid-level ridge to the north of Wilma essentially dissipated, leaving the hurricane drifting northward across the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula. The storm cut communications between Les Cayes and Tiburon. [4] Dvorak classifications were initiated on October 15. [1] At the time, the pressure measured 892 mbar (26.34 inHg), the second-lowest known pressure for a Category 4 hurricane (Super Typhoon Judy had an 887 mb pressure at peak intensity), and Wilma retained the large eyewall as it turned northwestward. On October 18, 2005, Wilma went from tropical storm to hurricane status. The tropical cyclone moved erratically southwestward for two. Wilma's destructive journey began in the second week of October 2005. National Hurricane Center forecaster James Franklin remarked, "Confidence at the later ranges [of the forecast track] was unusually low", due to wide divergences between computer models. The system was enhanced by diffluence from an upper-level low across the southwestern Atlantic. The system drifted westward, and early on October 14 the convection became more concentrated and a little better organized as upper-level wind shear lessened slightly. The latest: Hurricane Laura has made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. About 75,000 people in northeastern Mexico evacuated the path of the storm. The storm's 882 millibars of pressure broke the record low of 888 set by Hurricane … Early on Wednesday, Wilma became the most intense hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic. Central America, Mexico, Texas. Below is a calendar [29] Despite wind shear values of about 30 mph (48 km/h), Wilma strengthened further to reach winds of 125 mph (201 km/h). [1] Early on October 24, Wilma attained major hurricane status while located about 120 miles (190 km) west-southwest of Key West, Florida. On October 21, 2005, Wilma slowly crossed over Cozumel as a strong Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds reported at up to 230 kilometers per hour (144 miles per hour) by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). On the 20th, Wilma weakened slightly and turned northwest toward the northeast Yucatan peninsula. [1] The eye continued to contract to a diameter of about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km), the smallest known eye in an Atlantic hurricane, and at 1200 UTC on October 19, Wilma attained peak winds of 185 mph (298 km/h). From October 18, and through the following day, Wilma underwent explosive deepening over the open waters of the Caribbean; in a 30-hour period, the system's central atmospheric pressure dropped from 982 mbar (29.00 inHg) to the record-low value of 882 mbar (26.05 inHg), while the winds increased to 185 mph (298 km/h). The legend shows the different categories of hurricanes as follows: Cat 5 (dark red), Cat 4 (red), Cat 3 (orange), Cat 2 (yellow), Cat 1 (green), tropical storm (teal), tropical depression (blue), and lower category (purple). Wilma slowly weakened as it drifted over the northeast Yucatan. [13], Tropical Storm Wilma began to turn to the west-northwest on October 18,[1] during which the storm developed a small, intermittent and ragged eye feature. [23] At about 2145 UTC on October 21, Wilma made landfall on the island of Cozumel with winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). [16] By late on October 19, the winds in Hurricane Wilma decreased to 160 mph (260 km/h) as the inner 5-mile (8 km) wide eye weakened and the wind field expanded. [18], Shortly after peaking in intensity, the coldest cloud tops surrounding the eye warmed slightly and an outer eyewall began to develop, signifying an eyewall replacement cycle was occurring. 2 months ago. [1] As the hurricane moved further inland, the eye became cloud-filled as the deepest convection began to warm, and the winds gradually weakened during its passage over land. At the time these images were taken, Wilma was drifting very slowly to the northwest towards Cozumel, Mexico. [25] About 26 hours after making landfall on Cozumel, Wilma emerged into the southern Gulf of Mexico near Cabo Catoche with winds of about 100 mph (160 km/h). Wilma developed from a tropical depression near Jamaica, a typical source region for October tropical cyclones, on the afternoon of October 15, 2005. ISS012-E-5235 (19 Oct. 2005) --- This image of Hurricane Wilma was taken at 8:22 a.m. CDT Wednesday, Oct. 19, by the crew aboard NASA's international space station as the complex flew 222 miles above the storm. Upon becoming a tropical storm, the National Hurricane Center predicted Wilma to track west-northwestward, reaching winds of 105 mph (169 km/h) before striking the northeastern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula. After reaching tropical storm intensity on October 17 and then hurricane status on October 18, the system explosively deepened, peaking as the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Atlantic basin. The hurricane's path and size spread its effects across an enormous swath of the state, from floods in the Keys to tornadoes on Central Florida's Space Coast. Despite increasing amounts of vertical wind shear, the hurricane re-strengthened to hit Cape Romano, Florida, as a major hurricane. 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